¿Cómo memorizas la música de órgano?

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 Es traducción. Publicada con permiso del autor, Dr. Vidas Pinkevicius – www.organduo.lt – 20/Abr/2012

                Tarde o temprano todo organista enfrenta el problema de cuál es la manera más eficaz de memorizar música. Dado que cada persona es diferente, no es sorpresa que todos empleemos diferentes métodos cuando se trata de aprender y ejecutar música de memoria. Descubre los principales enfoques en la memorización de la música de órgano escogiendo las respuestas de la encuesta siguiente que más se asemejen a tu estilo de aprendizaje.

                ¿Cómo memorizas la música de órgano?

  1. Aprendo en fragmentos de 4 compases. Éste es un sistema que el maestro y organista francés Marcel Dupré utilizó en su enseñanza y en su propia carrera como ejecutante. Básicamente debes subdividir la pieza en múltiples fragmentos de 4 compases. Luego memorizas cada compás 1, 2, 3 y 4 separadamente, siempre comenzando en el tiempo fuerte y terminando en el tiempo fuerte del compás siguiente. Repite cada compás tantas veces como necesites para dominarlo.

Luego aprende de a 2 compases: 1-2, 2-3 y 3-4; seguidamente de a 3 compases: 1-2-3 y 2-3-4; y finalmente los 4 compases. Una vez domines éstos 4 compases, sigue con el siguiente fragmento, memorízalo de manera análoga y así sucesivamente.

  1. Aprendo separando las voces y combinándolas. El afamado organista invidente alemán Helmut Walcha era partidario de éste método. Es una técnica particularmente valiosa para aprender música de órgano polifónica, tal como fugas, preludios corales barrocos, música de Bach, etc.

Primero aprendes el soprano, contralto, tenor y bajo separadamente desde el principio hasta el fin. Luego memorizas combinaciones de 2 voces: Soprano-contralto, soprano tenor, soprano-bajo, contralto-tenor, contralto-bajo y tenor bajo; después 3 voces: Soprano-contralto-tenor, soprano-contralto-bajo, soprano-tenor-bajo y contralto-tenor-bajo. Por último toca todas las 4 voces de memoria.

  1. Aprendo memorizando una pieza en fragmentos de 1 compás y luego duplicando su extensión. Con éste método empiezas aprendiendo una pieza parando a cada compás. Luego paras cada 2 compases. Finalmente la aprendes en fragmentos de 4 compases, una frase, 2 frases, una página, 2 páginas y así sucesivamente.

  1. Cualquiera de los métodos de arriba, en función de la dificultad y estilo de la pieza.

  1. No utilizo ningún sistema de memorización en particular. Sólo toco la pieza repetidamente una vez tras otra y de alguna manera la música se graba en mi memoria.
  2. Le temo sobremanera a la memorización y pienso que sólo los genios tocan música de memoria.

Si tu respuesta fue #1, #2, #3 o #4 significa que tienes un sistema de memorización y que el asunto es más una ciencia que un arte para ti. Si tu respuesta fue #5, sospecho que algunas veces te cuesta tocar la pieza de memoria, sin mencionar que también te cuesta el proceso mismo de memorización. Si respondiste #6, pudieras intentarlo y descubrir las fortalezas y limitaciones de cada método comenzando a memorizar hoy mismo una pieza de tu elección. Equiparse con algún  método de memorización te hará la tarea más fácil de lo que crees y también te divertirás en el proceso.

¿Tienes tu método personal de memorizar música? Puedes compartirlo en la sección de comentarios más abajo.

      A propósito, ¿quieres aprender a tocar el Rey de los Instrumentos: El órgano de tubos? Si es así, carga mi guía audiovisual GRATUITA:  “How to Master any Organ Composition”, en la cual te mostraré exactamente mis pasos, técnicas y métodos que empleo para practicar, aprender y dominar cualquier pieza de música para órgano.

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